THE Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) noted that Indonesia’s population until 2020 was dominated by generation Z or residents, who were born in the period 1997-2012, and millennials, who were born in the 1981-1996 period.
According to the Head of BPS Suhariyanto in the release of the 2020 Population Census Data and 2020 Population Administration Data in Jakarta, said based on the results of the 2020 Population Census, which was carried out by BPS in February-September 2020, the number of generation Z reached 75.49 million people, equivalent to 27.94% of the total population of 270.2 million. Meanwhile, the millennial generation reached 69.90 million or 25.87%.
“Currently, Indonesia’s population is dominated by generation Z by 27.94%. The classification of population groups is based on William H Frey’s literature, which divides population categories based on several generations,” he said.
He explained, with Frey’s reference, from the results of the 2020 Population Census, the millennial generation became the second group after generation Z, whose number dominates the Indonesian population, namely 25.87 percent. Followed by generation X or those born between 1965-1980 with a population of 21.88 percent.
“Meanwhile, those who belong to the Baby Boomer generation or born in 1946-1964 like me, the number is decreasing, getting rarer. The 2020 BPS Population Census records the number of Baby Boomer generations reaching 11.56%, while the Pre-Boomer generation or born before 1945 has reached 1.87 percent. Meanwhile, the Post-Gen Z generation or born after 2013 reached 10.88%,” Suhariyanto noted.
He added that this classification is important because each generation has different characteristics and characteristics. We need to study this classification so that intergenerational communication runs smoothly and has a positive impact on the life of the nation.
BPS also processes age grouping data with the proportion of young people (0-14 years) experiencing a decline, due to a decrease in the birth rate. The proportion of the young population fell from 44.12% in 1971 to 23.33% in 2020.
In contrast, the productive age group or those aged 15-64 years experienced an increase from 53.39% in 1971 to 70.72% in 2020. Likewise, the proportion of the elderly population (65 years and over) increased from 2.49% in 1971 to 5 , 95% by 2020.
“This increase in the elderly population can be interpreted as the result of improved public health, improved nutrition, and improved lifestyle that are carried out by both the government and the private sector,” Suhariyanto concluded. [antaranews/photo special]