TOURISM usually describes several types of trips and lodging according to one’s desire to travel. Tourism activities are not singular, as quoted from the book Basic Knowledge of Tourism Science.

For this reason, tourism planning and development is divided into various types. According to E. Guyer Freuler, tourism in the modern sense is also a phenomenon of today’s times which is based on the need for health and change of air.

That means the purpose of traveling is not just to fill spare time to relieve fatigue, but also to treat disease. Recuperational tourism is a term for this type of tourism which is based on the motivation of tourists to travel to cure diseases, such as soaking in hot springs, bathing in mud, and others.

In Japan, bathing in hot springs is one of the most popular activities for tourists. There are at least 27 thousand hot springs or onsen. If you calculate the entire hot spring, it spouts 2.6 million liters of water every minute.

According to the Nippon website, most of the 3,085 lodging facilities in hot spring areas across Japan are located along volcanic areas, hence no need for external heating.

Soaking using hot springs has a therapeutic effect to improve health. The benefits of hot baths are basically stimulation, because minerals and various other elements seep in the body increasing hormone secretion. When a person first starts hot water therapy, the sympathetic nerves become dominant and experience an increase, namely blood pressure, heart rate, and blood sugar levels.

Conditions that improve the condition, the parasympathetic nerves also become dominant in lowering blood pressure, heart rate, and blood sugar. At that time, the sympathetic nerves and parasympathetic nerves alternately dominate, resulting in a state of balance that allows the body to repair itself. [ special]